My Split Little Toenails (or Accessory Nail on the 5th Toe)
What is an Accessory Nail of the Fifth Toe?
Split toenails are longitudinal splits on the pinky toenail or any other toenail. This split is usually towards the outer edge of the nail and can be very painful. The condition is not regarded as serious, but that doesn't mean it isn't pesky. Having suffered from mine myself for many years, in this article I'll explain how to cure this condition.
My Sixth Toenails
From about the age of about twelve, I noticed that my little toenails began to split into two. The split was interesting. It was about 1.5mm from the outer edge and was vertical or longitudinal, from the top of the nail in a straight split to the cuticle, on both feet.
I assumed that I was creating it somehow: perhaps I was cutting my nails incorrectly, or maybe I was catching the nails on my socks or at night in my bed sheets. They never really troubled me as long as I put my socks on carefully. I assumed it was normal.
When I became a young woman and started to wear tights, the nails were forever catching and tearing them, which was annoying. Sometimes I would pull the sliver of separated nail off in annoyance, which was painful and occasionally caused my toe to bleed. Sometimes I trimmed it down to the cuticle, but this made it catch on my clothing even more. The split nail kept growing back no matter what I did. It never occurred to me to seek medical advice.
How to Fix Extra Toenails
If a sufferer is struggling to cope with the condition and wants to have some treatment, a matricectomy is commonly performed. A matricectomy is the process of chemically or surgically destroying all or part of the nail's base or matrix, which results in permanent loss of that portion of the nail.
The matrix is a structure that lies under the nail, above the nail bed, and is its formative layer. Cells there collect keratin as they divide rapidly, enabling the nail to grow and develop the characteristic hard layer. The rate of growth is around 3mm per month.
A matricectomy is a procedure to permanently remove all or part of the matrix. It is also performed as treatment for an ingrowing toenail. Removal can be done by surgery or by using chemicals. In some instances, a laser can be used.
Matricectomies are regarded as aggressive treatments and are generally avoided unless the nail condition is severe.
Split Toenails In Legend
There is quite a gruesome Chinese legend about the mythical origins of this condition. A story about a woman who was abducted by a rival faction during the Huang-ti Dynasty. She was stabbed in the stomach as she tried to escape. Later, she gave birth to two children who had scarred feet, all the descendants of whom have split little toenails.