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Herbs for Thyroid Health

Updated on November 21, 2016
ESPeck1919 profile image

Emilie Peck is a freelance writer. She is also a student of alternative medicine, including massage therapy, herbalism and aromatherapy.

What Is the Thyroid?

The thyroid is a gland located at the front of the throat, and it is extremely important in the maintenance of metabolism. Because thyroid health is so dependent upon what we eat, thyroid problems have been on the rise as the nutritional quality of the typical American diet has declined.

The mainstream treatment is to use hormones to replace those that are not being produced, or medication to reduce the activity of an overactive thyroid.

Alternative medicine may offer a different way to treat thyroid imbalances.

Please note, however, that it is imperative to communicate with your healthcare provider to determine your best course of action. Often, alternative medicine can complement mainstream medicine. If you are pregnant, always consult your doctor before taking herbal medicine of any kind.

Consult Your Doctor

It is imperative to check with your healthcare provider to determine your best course of action. Certain conditions, including pregnancy, may make it unsafe for you to take herbal medications. Herbs may also cause allergic reactions or interact negatively with other medications.


Hypothyroidism happens when the thyroid is underactive. Herbs providing nutrition which may be lacking in the current diet or promote hormone production can help balance this problem.

Sage | Source

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

Sage is extremely well known in the metaphysical circles as a cleansing agent for areas and people. However, it has both culinary and medicinal properties as well.

It has been used for centuries to reduce sweating, which is a common symptom of this disorder. It balances progesterone and testosterone production as well. This is important because these hormones regulate thyroid activity. Most importantly when used in this capacity is its high level of selenium, a trace element vital to healthy thyroid function which is sorely lacking in the average American’s diet.

One of the especially nice things about sage is that you can incorporate into your diet through cooking or tea, preventing the need to take another set of pills, although it is available in freeze-dried caplet form.

There is a possibility for allergy, so discontinue use of any signs of a reaction, including asthma attacks, result. In addition, never ingest sage oil. Although the herb itself isn’t toxic, the distilled oil is. Reserve the oil for topical use or your oil burner instead.

Bladderwrack | Source

Bladderwack (Fucus vesiculosus)

This strangely named plant is actually a variety of seaweed, sometimes known as kelp. Because it comes from the sea, it has naturally high iodine content, another vital nutrient for healthy thyroid function. This plant is very commonly used for thyroid health by many naturalists. You can use it in cooking, tea or capsule form.

However, because it originates from the ocean, it can absorb heavy metals from the water. Always check out the supplier and where the plant came from.


Hyperthyroidism is the exact opposite of hypothyroidism. In this case, the thyroid is too active, and can eventually burn itself out. A condition that can cause this problem is called Graves Disease, which is a disease which forces the thyroid into overdrive.

Lemon Balm
Lemon Balm | Source

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)

Lemon balm has been a medicinal favorite since the ancient Greek times. The genus name, Melissa, actually means “bee” in their language because it was so popular with bees and produced such lovely honey, another substance of great medicinal use.

This herb helps depress thyroid function through normalizing the production of thyroid stimulating hormone, or TSH. Although it isn’t popularly used in the United States, it has already been mainstreamed in Europe in injection form. Lemon balm is also well known for its use in treating anxiety, fatigue depression and a host of other problems. This herb can be used in cooking, brewed into a tea or taken in capsule form.

Because it is a natural sedative, it has the potential to enhance sedative effects of other herbs or medications taken. When considering herbal medicine, always watch for interactions between medications or other herbs. A professional herbalist or naturalist can help with this.

Motherwort | Source

Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)

Motherwort gets its name from its extensive benefit to new mothers and women in general. This relative of mint is best known for its toning action on the uterus and other female organs. It’s also used to encouraging sluggish lactation and increase fertility. However, it is also effective in the treatment of hyperthyroidism. It may do this through its soothing action on the nervous system. It doesn’t suppress thyroid action in a healthy individual. It has been approved for hyperthyroidism treatment in Germany by Commission E, their equivalent to the FDA in the US.

Usage of this herb can possibly cause side effects like stomach irritation and diarrhea.

Although herbal medicine is usually more gentle than many mainstream medications, there is always the possibility of allergy or drug interaction. If you are under medical care, always consult your physician before altering your treatment plan.

Do you now your herbs?

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    • ESPeck1919 profile image

      ESPeck1919 4 years ago from Minneapolis, MN

      Hi there! Best of luck with the tea - I hope it helps!

    • kathyinmn profile image

      Kathy 4 years ago from Jordan MN

      Hi I am also from MN. I have Hypothyroidism and I found your article very interesting. I am going to try the sage tea.

    • ESPeck1919 profile image

      ESPeck1919 5 years ago from Minneapolis, MN

      Thank you!

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 5 years ago from Nepal

      Useful and informative. I will try to identify the herbs you have listed here.

    • ESPeck1919 profile image

      ESPeck1919 5 years ago from Minneapolis, MN

      Thank you very much! I'm happy you found it handy.

    • mecheshier profile image

      mecheshier 5 years ago

      Great Hub. Very informative and useful. Thanks for sharing. Vote up

    • ESPeck1919 profile image

      ESPeck1919 5 years ago from Minneapolis, MN

      It struck me as a bit strange as I was reading about it, too, but it's one of those sort of off the wall things that makes sense once you look further into it. To be honest, eating seaweed or algae in general strikes me as a bit odd, but I have seen good results on a personal level when I'd tried blue-green algae for better immunity years ago.

      Same here, I stick with natural treatments as much as possible as well. It just makes sense to keep chemical intervention as a last resort.

    • jpcmc profile image

      JP Carlos 5 years ago from Quezon CIty, Phlippines

      Yes, bladderwack seems strange. When possible I go for natural treatments.