Healing Properties and Health Benefits of Camel Milk

Updated on July 19, 2020
greatstuff profile image

Mazlan didn't think much about fitness and health before, but as age crept up on him he realized the importance of staying fit and healthy.

Raw Camel Milk

When I was asked to drink raw camel milk, my initial reaction was, "Huh?" But, after spending a few years working in the Middle East, I am now familiar with the many health benefits of camel milk.

For centuries, camel milk has been one of the staple foods for the Bedouin Arabs. In the harsh and arid desert country, it not only replaces water but provides the essential nutrients to keep people healthy.

The Bedouins drink raw camel milk that is freshly milked. Sometimes they drink it when it is slightly sour, in the fermented form. They believe the pasteurized version has fewer nutritional and healing qualities.

Infographic on camel milk health benefits
Infographic on camel milk health benefits

Camel Milk Health Benefits

The Bedouins also believed that the camel's diet must consist of a certain type of plants to enhance the milk's curative power.

However, research showed that even without these special plants[1] it is still potent and amongst the camel milk health benefits are:

  • General well-being: The numerous nutrients help promote the body's natural defenses. [1]
  • Anti-aging: The Alpha hydroxyl acid that is present in camel milk helps smooth fine lines. [7]
  • Cancer: Camel milk also contains anti-tumor properties. [6]
  • Camel Milk and Diabetes: The presence of high levels of insulin-like protein (about 52 microunits/ml) help reduce diabetes. [3][4] .
  • Liver disease: Contains antiviral properties that help reduce liver inflammation. Camel milk also has many nutrients that are required for healthy liver function. [1]
  • Autism: It is rich in immunoglobulin, which will strengthen the body's autoimmune system. This helps treat and heal autism. [5] . You can read more about autism and camel milk, here.
  • Thalassemia: The curative properties protect the body from oxidative injury. [9]
  • Acne and eczema: The anti-microbial properties will act as a natural cleanser. [6]
  • Arthritis: The lactoferrin helps remove free iron from the joints of arthritic patients.[1][6]
  • Tuberculosis: The antibacterial and antiviral properties are known to destroy the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. [8]
  • AIDS: AIDS patients in Africa drink camel milk to help them recover. [7] .

Research on Camel Milk Health Benefits

Below are several works of research that confirm and document the benefits of camel milk:

  • Children with Lactose Intolerance: Gulf News reported that studies by Pediatric Allergy-Immunology Clinics of the Hamad Medical Corporation showed children who are allergic to cow's milk can safely take camel's milk.
  • Camel Milk for Cancer Cure: Studies at both King Saud University, Saudi Arabia, and the University of Alberta, Canada showed successful applications of camel milk for cancer treatment
  • Autism and Camel Milk: Prof. Reuven Yagil of Ben-Gurion University, Israel feed camel milk to autistic children and concluded that it has a positive effect on treating autism.
  • Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and Hepatitis E Virus: Studies show positive results with camel milk in impeding the growth of HCV and Hepatitis E Virus. These studies were published in Virology Journal (September 2012 issue).
  • Is Pasteurized Camel Milk Effective?: The Bedouins believed that only fresh camel milk is effective in healing ailments. However, studies by Dr. Millie Hinkle showed positive results for similar ailments when using the pasteurized camel milk.

For more published reports and bodies of research, see the "Reference and Further Reading" section below.

Bedouins on long journey in arid desert depend on Camel Milk for hydration and nutrition.
Bedouins on long journey in arid desert depend on Camel Milk for hydration and nutrition. | Source

Camel Milk vs. Cow Milk

Cow's milk is easily available and is cheaper but it has its side effect. One example is lactose intolerance. This is where camel milk excels.

To start with, camel's milk is known to be the closest to the human mother's milk and is easier for babies to consume[2]. Research studies from around the world also confirm that it is highly nutritious.[1][7] The composition of whey proteins and caseins in camels milk differs from cows milk, which could be the reason for its healing properties.

When compared to cow milk, camel milk is:

  • Lower in lactose
  • Higher in potassium, magnesium, copper, iron, zinc, and sodium.
  • Lower in cholesterol
  • Contains three times the amount of vitamin C
  • Has ten times the amount of iron
  • Contains higher unsaturated fatty acids and B vitamins
  • Has more Vitamin A
  • Has a higher protein level
  • Contains ten times the amount of antibacterial and antiviral properties
  • Easily absorbed: It doesn't coagulate easily, even in an acid environment like our stomach. Hence, it is easily absorbed by our digestive system.
  • Dissolves better: In powder form, it will dissolve better.
  • Lower Yield: However, camel produces a lower yield at 13 pints (6.2 liters) as compared to cows' higher yield of 50 pints (23.7 liters)

With these camel milk health benefits, we should switch from cow milk to camel milk. But due to its low yield, farmers prefer to raise cattle. So, camel milk supply is limited and expensive.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ranked camel's milk as the healthiest animal milk.

Camel milk taste will vary according to the diet and the amount of water the camel had drunk.
Camel milk taste will vary according to the diet and the amount of water the camel had drunk. | Source

How Does Camel Milk Taste Like?

In 2007, I had my first taste of a freshly milked camel milk from a farm in Dubai. It was warm and smelled strong. It was also mildly salty. My stomach was not used to this milk and I had diarrhea for the next two days. Maybe I should have drunk it slowly to allow for better digestion. My Arab friend reassured me that this is a normal reaction for first-timers because it 'cleanses the system.'

The taste varies according to the animal's diet and the amount of water it had drunk. Some say it is mildly sweet like low fat cow's milk. Others say it tastes like salty vanilla-flavored milk.

Unlike cow's milk, camel's milk is opaque white in color.

I have not tried the fermented version and I don't think my stomach is strong enough for that. This camel milk curdle is commonly consumed by the traveling Bedouins.

Updated April 2017: On my recent trip to Saudi Arabia in March 2017, I had a chance to drink pasteurized camel milk sold at the supermarket. How does it taste like? It tastes awesome. In fact, I can't tell the difference from this pasteurized camel milk to a pasteurized cow milk. So, if you had a chance give it a try. It not only taste good but it's full of health benefits as well

This is the pasteurized camel milk that I drank
This is the pasteurized camel milk that I drank | Source

Camel Milk Products

The followings are camel milk products that are available but in limited quantities.

Camel Milk Cheese

The Bedouins and the camel herding tribes will process excess camel milk into cheese. Camel milk does not coagulate easily and the common method of using rennet does not work. So, they use a process known as "lactic fermentation," in which milk sugar is decomposed into lactic acid, turning the milk sour. Camel milk cheese doesn't taste as good as cheese made from cow milk but it is more nutritious.

Now, under the auspices of United Nation's FAO research work[7], camel milk can now coagulate using vegetable rennet and calcium phosphate. The end product is a low cholesterol cheese. Due to limited production, it is only sold in small quantities.

Camel Milk Butter

Just like cheese, camel milk butter is not easy to produce due to the poor coagulation and the time taken to produce it. Some farms have found a way to process that churns out decent camel milk butter. Again, it is in limited quantity and it is more expensive than other kinds of butter.

Camel Milk Chocolate
Camel Milk Chocolate | Source

Camel Milk Chocolate

The world's first camel milk chocolate was produced by Al nassma, a company in Dubai in late 2008, available only in the UAE. But you can buy it online if you search for camel milk chocolate.

Camel Milk Ice-Cream

Al Ain Dairy from the UAE launched their ice cream made from fresh camel milk, which is suitable for people with lactose intolerance. It is available in chocolate, cardamom, saffron, and the all-time favorite, vanilla flavors.

It is sold under the brand name Camelait, that also includes flavored camel milk and camel milk powder.

Camel Milk Powder

Fresh camel milk is not available in my country but selected Middle eastern shops are selling camel milk powder. I tried the Aadvik Camel Milk Powder, produced by a company in India. It is 100% camel milk that is freeze dried and no additives. It is also gluten-free. I like the taste and it is also available on Amazon.

Camel Milk Soap

Camel milk soap is very popular in the Middle Eastern countries as it is good for the skin especially if you have eczema. Unfortunately, camel milk soap is not 100% camel milk but only 25%. The other main ingredient is fat. Buy only soaps with natural vegetable oils, such as olive oil which gives added benefits for skin with problems. Animal fat is widely used in all types of soap but why wash in some animal's body fat?

Muhallabia, a Middle Eastern milk pudding made from camel milk
Muhallabia, a Middle Eastern milk pudding made from camel milk | Source

Where to Buy Camel Milk

If you live in the Middle East, parts of Africa, China, Russia, or northern parts of the Indian subcontinent, fresh camel milk is easily available. In some of these countries, you can even buy at the supermarket.

If you live outside of these countries or in an area where camel rearing is non-existent, your best bet is to buy camel milk powder online. Or buy in the capsule form, which is more convenient and taken with you to work or whenever you are away from home. Both forms are available on Amazon.com.


Camel Milk to Raise Economic Standards

The United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) recognized camel milk as an important commodity[7] to raise the economic standard for people who live in arid and semi-arid desert areas. It will be marketed and sold based on its nutritional and health benefits. This will bring in additional income to people who produce and sell it.

Production in Non-Traditional Camel Rearing Countries

The followings are examples of camel farming in non-traditional camel-producing countries that show its growing importance.

Camel Milk in USA

It used to be illegal to sell or even produce camel milk in the U.S. It was not until 2009 that the Food and Drug Administration legalized its domestic production and consumption. In 2012, the FDA finally gave approval for camel milk to be sold throughout the U.S.

Since production costs are still expensive for American camel breeders, current sales are limited to medical use and to ethnic residents who use it in traditional foods.

Farming in the Netherlands

After his university research on the commercial viability of camel milk, Frank Smits was convinced that he should venture into this unknown territory. In 2006, he started the first and only commercial camel farm in the Netherlands and now exports camel milk to Britain and Belgium.

Research Center in India

To help improve the socio-economic status of people in arid and semi-arid zones, the Indian government established The National Research Center on Camels in Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. Camels were identified as an important animal for this harsh and fragile desert ecosystem and studies were conducted to help camel owners improve their economic status.

Part of the program states that camel milk will be sold at subsidized rates to poor families who have diabetic members or children with disabilities.

Camel Rearing Industry in Australia

Camels were imported into Australia as early as the 1860s and were used as working animals in the semi-arid desert areas. Now, camels are reared for their milk and meat. With an increased demand for camel meat and milk in Asia and parts of the Middle East, Australia now exports most of its supply of camel products.

Farm in Netherlands

Will You Try Camel Milk?

See results

Acceptance of Camel Milk

Several studies on the healing properties of camel milk by reputable universities and institutions have led to its higher level of acceptance outside of traditional camel-rearing communities.

What about you? Will you try camel milk if you know you suffer from the above ailments?

One Aussie girl gave it a try to see if it helps her bowel problem. Read her experience here on Yahoo News.

Camel Milk Production

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

Questions & Answers

  • After hearing about the healing properties of camel milk, I was wondering how much raw camel milk should you first start drinking?

    A small glass of the raw camel milk should be a good start.

  • Is camel milk good for colon cleansing ?

    Camel milk has been used to detox the body, so it should be good for colon cleansing.

  • Is it advisable to take camel milk when fermented?

    The Bedouin has been taking it for centuries, but I personally prefer the fresh camel milk over the fermented version.

© 2013 Mazlan


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      2 years ago from Houston, Texas

      This is a very interesting article regarding the health benefits of consuming camel milk. Too bad it is not readily available in more parts of the world.

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      2 years ago from Malaysia

      Thanks, Pamela

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      2 years ago from Sunny Florida

      I never even considered drinking camel milk. I am lactose intolerant and use coconut milk for cereal. I don't really drink any type of milk otherwise.

      I think your article is excellent as it has a wealth of information, including the ongoing research. The implications will be interesting to watch in relation to diseases.

    • just4curiosity profile image

      Rohan Singh 

      4 years ago from INDIA

      I have heard of other milks and I have read in a book that camel milks are very beneficial like other milk such as goat milk and cow milk. They contain some special nutritional profile. Love to find it here.

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      Hi Ibrahim. Thanks for dropping by and sharing your experience. You are lucky to have fresh supply of cheap camel milk in your area!

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      Hi Bilal. To be on the safe side, you must always boil camel milk. If you bought it 'fresh' from the farm and it turns 'lumpy' when you boiled, the milk is probably no longer fresh and has started to ferment. In hot weather, fresh camel milk do not keep for long.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I live in Somalia, Baidoa town, I hve just drunk the camel milk and I use it every day because we have tought its benefits by our parents and grand parents so that is we rely on it. We have so many camels here and the milk is fresh and cheap.

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      Hi Gode tia byrnes, yes you should give it a try. Research and studies have shown its effectiveness, and besides camel milk is a form of food and is not chemical like most medication. I pray that your daughter will respond well to this alternative remedy.

    • profile image

      Gode tia byrnes 

      5 years ago

      I think this is simply amazing, how it just has so many benefits and would love to try this product on my daugter diagnozed with diabeties type 1 2 years ago

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      Hi Diana, you are lucky to have a doctor who is not so hung up on the usual prescription medication. For the doctor to recommend camel milk shows his vast knowledge on what other options are available for your son.

      Yes, of course you can have it with your porridge. Use it like you normally do with cow's milk.

      Camel milk is expensive right now as there is no large commercial farm for the production. But you are lucky to get them in Kenya. We have to resort to the powder version, which is even more expensive.

      Thanks for dropping by and sharing your experience.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Thanks for all the commente a paeditrician recommended camel milk for my 5yr old son, at first i thought it was a bit joke i googled i think its good. Camel milk Is hard to get in Kenya i managed to get a few pints though its vert expensive. My question Is Can i take camel milk in porridge coz i can't stand the taste of milk in my mouth

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      Hi Romanian, if you google you might find a supplier of camel milk in your country. A supplier from the Netherlands sells camel milk powder online. You might want to check them out as well. Hope you succeed. Thanks for dropping by.

    • Romanian profile image


      5 years ago from Oradea, Romania

      It's good to know this about camel milk. I will probably try it one day, but I can't find this in my country.

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      Hi Tina. Yes, of course. In fact, as mentioned in my article, camel's milk is highly nutritious and is known to be the closest to human mother's milk. It is easier even for baby to consume, let alone a pregnant woman. The Bedouins have been doing this for centuries.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Can pregnant women drink it

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      Hi maryam. Yes you can heat camel milk, but do it gently and slowly. And of course, you can drink after that. I am not sure about reheating camel milk, but I guess reheated milk may present a bacteria risk just like cow milk.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      wow. camel milk sure has its benefits. I wanted to know if we can boil camel milk and then drink it. plus is it safe to reheat camels milk before drinking. I like warm milk better than cold milk

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      @yasirchohan, camel milk is indeed an astonishing product that is very much under rated. Thanks for the visit and sharing your thoughts.

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Malaysia

      Some people say that camel's milk is the next superfood. But right now many people are still 'in the dark' over its benefit, mainly because the milk production has not gone on a big commercial scale, as compared to cow's milk. It's a pity I don’t worked in the Middle East country anymore, otherwise camel's milk will be my daily morning drink.

      Thanks missmarsh for dropping by and commenting.

    • missmarsh profile image

      Loralie Lyndon 

      5 years ago from USA

      Oh my! Thanks for all the great information on camel's milk. I never knew it could be used for so much or that so many things were made from it! Such an interesting article. I appreciate you sharing this!

    • yasirchohan profile image

      Yasir chohan 

      5 years ago from Reisterstown

      Oh Wow! This is astonishing. Nothing has been made without its uses and purpose!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Hello everyone,

      Would like to inform you that if anyone wants camel milk regular supply in Delhi and other nearby regions,feel free to call at +91-8130337895. Or drop a mail at sumwethz@gmail.com

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      i m very exciting to get camel milk,,, however and whatever i will get milk soon,, coz of,,, nothing is expansive then our health

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Malaysia

      @Lookingforacure, I asked the same question when I was in Saudi Arabia last year and the answer given was fresh camel milk is better. However, if there is none near where we live and if there are any, it could be expensive, then the powdered milk is the next best thing. You can get it through Amazon.com

      The Smits camel farm in the Netherlands sells camel milk in capsule form; you may want to check with them on the pricing and shipping arrangement. Their web site is http://www.kamelenmelk.nl/index.php?lang=en

      If the pricing is out of your budget, is goat's milk another possible option that your Holistic Doctor can consider?

      Hope this will help you and wish you all the best

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Is powdered camel milk as effective as fresh in healing? My wife has been suffering from Chronns Disease for 5 years and we are out of options. We recently spoke to a Holistic Dr and she suggested Camels milk; however, its out of our price range. Any help would be appreciated.

    • profile image

      Rohit Nagpal 

      6 years ago

      We make fresh camel milk available in India. If you are interested buying it you can contact me on rohit1983in@gmail.com

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Malaysia

      @TheKatsMeow, I am glad this article has help to enlighten you with the benefits of camel milk. Have a good day

      @wqaindia, Thanks for the suggestion. It could be a long chapter if I include this. Best way is to buy camel milk powder online

      @teaches12345, you are right. I should have boiled the camel milk before drinking. However, at that camel farm, this was not possible. Thanks for your support and the votes

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      7 years ago

      I wonder if you had the camel milk heated, on your first try, it would digest easier? Anyway, interesting post on camel's milk. It does appear to have much to offer the body in vitamins and building the immune system. Voted up+++

    • wqaindia profile image

      Ashok Goyal 

      7 years ago from 448 Dalima Vihar Rajpura 140401 Punjab India

      Amazing! but I could not find any one selling fresh camel milk or packaged camel milk and cheese in or around 200 km of my city.

      Can you add another chapter about availability of the fresh or processed and preserved camel milk or its products. It is a good business idea.

    • TheKatsMeow profile image

      Katee Shew 

      7 years ago from Canada

      Wow I had no idea that this stuff was so healthy! I will be honest and say that I have never tried camel's milk and before this article I never would have wanted to try it either! thanks for teaching me about something new!

    • greatstuff profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Malaysia

      @kidscraft Thanks for dropping by and the votes. It is actually more expensive to rear cows in the desert. To start with, cows consumed more water than camel and that is not easy to find in the arid desert areas.

      @Nell, It is strange how God make nature survived in whatever conditions they are in and in the arid desert, there are plants and animals that you can lived on for the required nutrition. Thanks for the vote and Share

      @Rajan, do you know that they sell camel milk ice cream in Rajasthan? Rajasthan also have a good and highly respected research center on camel. Thanks again for the votes and Share

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      This is fantastic information. We do have lot of camels in Rajasthan, the desert state of India. It is great to know these awesome benefits that camel milk provides. Thanks for sharing.

      Voted up, useful, interesting and sharing this hub.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      7 years ago from England

      Thats certainly fascinating news, who would have thought it? and well done for drinking some! lol! I often wondered how the people of the desert got their nutrition, fascinating hub, and voted and shared, nell

    • kidscrafts profile image


      7 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

      Wouaw... that's very interesting! But why not! We have to stay open to what people use in other corners of the Earth! It's for sure that I can envisionned any cows in the desert so they have to find other ways to have something to drink! Thank you very much for this in depth article about all the properties of camel milk. I learned a lot today!

      Voted up, interesting and awesome!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, remedygrove.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)