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Essential Oil Ingestion: Documented Side Effects, Injuries, and Deaths

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Lee Tea is an investigative journalist with a focus on essential oil consumer advocacy.

The 21st Century and Essential Oils

The technology-driven infancy of the 21st century spawned a virtual wild west of sorts—a vast and uncharted expanse first staked out by curious individuals seeking the simple comforts of connection through communication.


That old familiar greeting with a new twist, the visual component of the instantaneous text, echoed off of digital walls and bounced around down invisible halls leading to the common folks’ first sparsely populated chat rooms.

“Hi! :)”

And just like that, our first personal cyberspace connections were made. Seemed innocent enough. As the days went by, more and more people came; chat rooms were abandoned like old school houses for expanded groups, then networks of groups, where crowded halls no longer efficiently funneled the traffic between them and, seemingly overnight, burst open onto faster-paced highways. Super highways.

Information superhighways.

Information is no longer made up of timid requests like, “Is anybody here?” The people were here; the chatter was clear. Some spoke on impulse. But others—an ever-growing population of others—spoke from a rehearsed script. As casually as the rest, they chime in a friendly, off-the-cuff message with a goal in mind and precision rhetoric.

The sales reps had come. Their territory is now a new virtual one; the fascinating infrastructure of personalized communication channels enchanted an untapped market leaving us all like sitting ducks, playfully splashing in the waters of an information flood.

We felt refreshed. We felt special again! We felt alive! And we weren’t going anywhere.

When profit-driven motives like multi-level marketing met the rise of personalized technology in the first part of the 21st century, the volatile design of freshly fascinating communication channels flooded with unrestricted, unverified information, cutting through a sea of aimless anybodies with dollar signs for heads, whose collective desire was to rebel against an institutionalized regimen they had convinced each other was concocted solely to destroy them, these conditions combined to create the perfect storm.

Case in point: the volatile liquids sold in little dark bottles that can replace our poisoned medicine and cure whatever ails us. I’m referring, of course, to essential oils...

...perhaps you’ve heard of them?

Like most successful ventures, essential oils owe due credit to their parents. Part of these oils’ natural appeal comes straight from their source. Essential oils, or rather the easily evaporated aromatic liquid that can be extracted from some plants, are created naturally by some of our favorite fruits, flowers, and herbs. Relatively speaking, there are very low amounts of naturally occurring essential oils in a serving of fresh, whole food. Dried botanicals often contain a concentrated amount of essential oil, which is why you generally use half as much dried basil in your pot of spaghetti sauce compared to what you use fresh.

These variations in concentrations are also why eating fresh fruit or drinking herbal teas does not pose the same risks as eating the potent, extracted essential oils straight from the bottle. Whole food preparations have the added benefit of offering parts from the rest of the plant—phytonutrients, fibers, even water—that can act as synergists and buffers to help the body gently and effectively process the active ingredients found in a plant’s essential oil and to help handle toxicities that may be inherently present.

Of course, that’s not to say all plants are safe to eat or make into tea. Some plants and their parts like nightshade, oleander, yew, jasmine berries and daffodil bulbs are poisonous and should not be consumed at all. But regarding food, we can comfortably eat, the essential oil content within a single serving is much lower in concentration than the essential oil extracted from literal pounds of a particular plant.

For over 40 years, Robert Tisserand’s research and writing have turned a scientific eye to the properties of essential oils and their individual constituents. In 2007 he presented his report, “Challenges Facing Essential Oil Therapy: Proof of Safety,” to the Alliance of International Aromatherapists (AIA) at their Denver, Colorado, conference. The article documents recorded injuries sustained by adults and children through varying degrees of essential oil use, in contrast to a commonly held belief by a prominent portion general public that the effects of essential oils can only be beneficial or benign by nature and the practice of whole-heartedly defending this notion against those who propose otherwise. He reports:

“ the context of foods ... [essential oil] is not regarded as dangerous, because of (a) the very small amount present, and (b) the co-presence of antioxidants and antimutagens. Our bodies have evolved to deal with small quantities of “toxins,” which is why we have an immune system, antioxidant enzymes, base repair enzymes, etc.”

On deaths caused by essential oil ingestion, Tisserand cites, “eucalyptus and pennyroyal oil, for example, have been fatal in 1 oz doses,” and mentions the accepted traditional dosage for wormseed essential oil “was sometimes fatal to the child” as well.

Tisserand delves further to reveal constituents, components of an essential oil identified, named, and classified through the science of chemistry, noted to be responsible for seizures when essential oils containing them had been ingested in moderate doses. Some of the essential oils noted in his report to cause seizures include:

  • Hyssop (2 doses of 10 drops)
  • Sage (1 dose of 12 drops)
  • Thuja (5 doses of 20 drops)

The National Capital Poison Center educates the public on the risks of essential oil ingestion. Poison Control warns that tea tree oil can be dangerously poisonous in less than 30 minutes if swallowed and advises one to contact the Poison Center (at 1-800-222-1222) right away if ingestion occurs. They back their information by citing reported instances, like this one in which the ingestion of a small amount of tea tree oil fed to a child resulted in a coma.

In an ongoing effort to raise awareness of the risks and responsibilities of using essential oils, certain organizations specializing in their use, like the Atlantic Institute of Aromatherapy (AIA), have launched campaigns to collect individual accounts from consumers that experienced negative effects from their use.

In 2014 the AIA documented 34 cases from volunteered reports involving adverse essential oil interactions. Of those reporting, 100% were female, mostly adults using the oils undiluted by mouth. Unwanted side effects occurred mostly from oral and/or topical use and included migraines and headaches, dizziness, throat and mouth irritation, gastrointestinal upset including nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, rapid heartbeat, itching, hives, and cognitive dysfunction (delusions). The AIA released its most recent annual report in April 2015.

Documented Cases in Scientific Journals

Over the years, dozens if not hundreds of scientific articles and journals documenting actual cases of essential oil fatalities have been published, some reports dating over 100 years. For example, just a few of these include:

  • Pilapil VR: Toxic manifestation of cinnamon oil ingestion in a child. Clin Pediatr (Phil) 1989
  • Webb NJ, Pitt WR: Eucalyptus oil poisoning in childhood: 41 cases in south-east Queensland. J Paediatr Child Health 1993
  • Jacobs MR, Hornfeldt CS: Melaleuca oil poisoning. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1994
  • Seawright A: Comment: tea tree oil poisoning. Med J Aust 1993

and even this one from 1898:

  • Kimball HW: Poisoning by pennyroyal. Atlanta Med Weekly 1898

It is no secret that some of these oils can kill you. But in the recent hype of direct marketing, we seem to have casually forgotten. It seems as though, somehow, common knowledge has been hidden from the masses and replaced by a maniacal enthusiasm for one’s essential oil brand of choice, an old game used up salesmen have grown tired of playing and is now newly repackaged as a source of side income for mainly stay-at-home moms excited about organic and natural products.

Haddad and Winchester’s Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose, 4th ed., Chapter 101, “Essential Oils,” concisely report on the toxicology of common essential oils, along with injuries and deaths that were a result of their use.

To begin, a reported dose of just 4mL of eucalyptus oil resulted in the death of an adult. In another case, 30mL caused seizures and the death of an 8-month-old. A review of eucalyptus oil fatalities documented common symptoms of early on-set poisoning. Note that these are not potential factors for hypothetical circumstances - this is the information harvested from actual fatalities from eucalyptus oil poisoning that have already occurred.

Additionally, the chapter notes these specific, actual, and documented instances of internal essential oils use resulting in injury and/or death:

  • Cinnamon Oil at 2.5mL/kg caused gastrointestinal symptoms, lethargy, rectal burning and dizziness in a 7-year old.
  • Pennyroyal (Squaw Mint) Oil at 30mL caused poisoning and death of a young woman trying to induce abortion and was cited in the death of another 24-year old woman.
  • Tea Tree Oil ingestion at less than 10mL of a prepared solution caused mental confusion and ataxia in a 23-month old boy. 1/2 cup of the straight oil resulted in coma in an adult for 48 hours.

Now, yes, 1/2 cup is a relatively large amount of essential oil to encounter. But in context, 1/2 cup is not an unheard of amount of food or drink to consume. Believing the ingestion of essential oils is safe without side effects, 1/2 cup should be as safe as a couple of drops. However, as demonstrated by the documented instance above, this is not the case.

  • Menthol, as found in Peppermint Oil, caused unconsciousness in a 2-month old after drops were administered nasally.
  • Ingestion of Clove Oil was responsible for coma, seizures, and liver damage in a young child.

Another article posted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information reports on the near fatal overdosing of a 3-year old that ingested 10mL of eucalyptus oil. It further notes that death has occurred in adults after ingesting just 4 to 5 mL, and lists the side effects of essential oil ingestion including mouth and throat burning, abdominal pain, vomiting, respiratory and central nervous issues.

Poison Center Data Collection

For over 30 years, the American Association of Poison Control Centers has issued an annual report which publishes data collected by the National Poison Data System (NPDS). Basically, if an event was called into a poison control center, it is documented in this annual report.

The reports can be found published in their entirety online and are available for public review. Each year, the report includes a table called "Demographic profile of SINGLE SUBSTANCE Nonpharmaceuticals exposure cases by generic category", in which "Essential Oils" is one of the catagories listed in the table. Essential oils included in the report year after year include cinnamon, eucalyptus, tea tree, pennyroyal and clove, with the additional category "miscellaneous oils" accounting for the bulk of injuries reported.

In 2010, over 10,000 cases of essential oil poisoning were called in to poison control centers, over 8,000 of those cases involving children age 5 or younger. Over 2,000 cases reported undesirable effects, with over 130 being moderate or major outcomes, and 1 death from eucalyptus oil.

In 2011, 168 moderate-to-major outcomes were reported, up 38 from the previous year. In 2012, 180 moderate-to-major outcomes, up 12 more. This is proof that not only does poisoning occur from essential oil ingestion, but the number of major poisonings is rising each year.

This information was derived from the American Association of Poison Control Centers' Annual Reports of National Poison Data Systems (NPDS). The 2012 report can be viewed here: Reports for previous years can also be located online through search engine searches.

Scientific Breakdown of Essential Oil Toxicity

Many people wonder how something born from nature can cause such severe results. Remember, essential oils are the straight extract of a whole plant, and it takes several pounds of plant material to produce even one ounce of essential oil. So while the oils themselves are all natural, their potentcy is, however, not a natural amount of essential oil to consume.

The chemical composition of essential oils often includes toxic constituents, even in the most popular oils. The toxic components vary from oil to oil, and as a result, so do the negative side effects one oil can produce over another. In addition to adverse reactions like allergies, and unwanted effects on nursing/pregnancy, young children and the elderly, some essential oils contain toxins that can cause seizures, respiratory failure, and kidney failure regardless of age or circumstance.

For example:

  • Roman Chamomile Oil (Arthemis nobilis) includes tiglic acid, which can cause gastrointestinal upset, allergic reactions, bronchospasm, and can stimulate the uterus.
  • Cinnamon Oil (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) includes cinnamic aldehyde which can lead to hypersensitivity, dermatitis, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, and oral lesions.
  • Clove Oil (Syzygium aromaticum) includes THREE toxic components: eugenol, caryophillin, and vanillin. These can cause oral and skin irritation, allergic reactions, nausea, vomiting, respiratory symptoms, and notably, seizures.
  • Eucalyptus Oil (Eucalyptus globulus) includes 1,8 cineole (eucalyptol) and hydrocyanic acid, responsible for vomiting, abdominal pain, respiratory depression, dizziness, headaches, ataxia, obtundation, coma, and again, seizures.
  • Pennyroyal Oil (Mentha pulegium) contains pulegone, responsible for nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and even kidney failure.
  • Peppermint Oil (Mentha species) includes menthol and menthone, reported by the University of Minnesota to cause breathing to stop in young children. These constituents can also lead to hypersensitivity, ataxia (a lack of voluntary muscle coordination), and myalgia (muscle pain).
  • Pine Oil (Pinus species) is comprised of monoterpene, aromatic pine oil, and other hydrocarbons responsible for respiratory failure.
  • Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) includes Terpinen-4-ol (as does Juniper Oil) which can cause ataxia, stupor, and sores.

Ask your doctor if essential oil ingestion is right for you! (He'll say "no").

This information was recorded in Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose, 4th ed. (2007) in "TABLE 101-1 -- Selected Essential Oils and Their Toxicities."

Essential Oils Throughout History

From ancient times to today, humans have realized the value of the scented and volatile oils of plants. Called "essential oils", they were first obtained by placing plant material in fatty oils, a method encouraged by alchemists of the time. It was the Arabs that first distilled essential oils, and this method of collection then spread throughout the European countries during the Middle Ages. By the 1500's, distilled essential oils like cedarwood, rose, rosemary and sage were a feature of European apothecaries. As the spice and tea trade expanded, an ever-growing list of exotic spices and herbs were run through the distillation process in hopes of extracting the plant's essential oils, and by the 18th century the essential oils of over 100 different plants had been introduced.

From the late 1800s to the early 1900s, chemists studied these oils and vastly increased scientific knowledge of their chemical composition. Essential oils were found to be largely comprised of organic isoprene units called "terpenes". In addition, individual oils can be mostly made up of other compounds, like methyl salicylate in wintergreen and d-limonene in orange. Anywhere from dozens to hundreds of individual compounds may make up any one essential oil.

Over time, methods of steam distillation, cold-fat extractions (enfleurage), and hot-fat extractions (maceration) developed to extract the essential oil from the plants, depending on which plant was being distilled and the characteristics of its essential oil. For example, jasmine oil is too delicate to steam distill - it evaporates too quickly - so it must be harvested through enfleurage.

Throughout the 1900s, as essential oils became more readily produced and available, their use in medicinal preparations largely gave way to their use as scenting agents in cosmetics and perfumes, and as a flavoring agent in food and beverages.

This is the history of essential oils as reported in Encyclopedia Britannica. If it doesn't match what you've been told, take it up with them. Far be it from me to argue an encyclopedia.

In the late 1900s, sales and marketing companies began to offer essential oils through direct sales campaigns, and the information relayed in these one-on-one sales settings has become a hot topic of debate. These essential oil companies have become well-known for promoting the internal use of the straight essential oils, claiming ingesting the pure essential oil straight from the bottle is safe without side effects. However, as history has demonstrated, the internal use of essential oils, some very well-known and familiar to even lay-people, can result in side-effects, injuries, and even deaths. Though these cases are properly and professionally documented, easily obtainable and available for public review, people still demand proof of their existence while defending their decision to ingest straight essential oils to improve and maintain health.

Thankfully, this is not a new field of knowledge, and over 500 years of essential oil use as we now know it has provided a vast and rich pool from which to harvest information regarding the use of essential oils and the results of this use. In particular, this article will demonstrate that ingesting essential oils has led to side effects, injury, and death, a point of fact not up for debate.

To begin, you can obtain biomedical information regarding essential oil use, including both harmful and helpful toxicity (like the potential some essentials oils have for killing cancer cells) at the U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health’s website. Their archives are home to over 12,000 scientific and medical abstracts and over 10,000 full text journal articles regarding essential oils. Some articles ask you to pay to view the report in its entirety, which usually prompts me to visit the reference section of my local library.

Which leads us to another source for reliable information: your local library.

For more targeted, specific information regarding the safety of ingesting specific essential oils, review the essential oil chapters in Haddad and Winchester’s Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose books. These publications concisely review the toxic constituents of a handful of popular essential oils and their effects on humans (both potential and recorded). Additionally, the chapter on essential oils in the 4th edition cites 60 additional sources of information on the toxicity of specific essential oils, including documented reports of injuries and deaths from their use.

Of course, these are not all of the reliable sources reporting on essential oil side effects, just a handful to get you started in the right direction.

In Conclusion...

This article demonstrates that side-effects, injuries, and deaths resulting from the internal use of essential oils have in fact occurred, have been documented, and have been reported. Not everyone who eats a drop of essential oil is going to get sick or die, but people are poisoned by the hundreds from their improper use every year, dozens moderately to severely. Though buried by mounds of sales propaganda and aromatherapy gossip online, factual information on essential oil poisonings is available both online and in print.

Unlike essential oils, the conclusion of this article is simple and easy to digest. Essential oil ingestion carries with it the potential for side-effects, sometimes moderate to severe, including seizures and poisoning. It can, as it has in the past, be fatal. This point can no longer be debated - it is fact.

It is time to stop arguing whether it is completely safe to eat essential oils straight from the bottle. It's not. After reading this article, you may choose to continue using essential oils internally. You may argue that not enough people are injured by eating essential oils each year to really pay attention to the facts presented here. But you may no longer argue that the practice is completely safe without the risk of side effects. Besides, if you eat the oil, you forgo all the therapeutic benefits of the oil's aroma—specifically its vapors. points out that inhaling essential oils (as is the basis of "aroma"therapy) isn't just a good way to benefit from essential oil use, but may be the best way:

"One of the recent discoveries of aromatic research is that the antimicrobial effects of essential oils are most potent not when the oil is used in liquid form, as when applying tea tree to a fungal infection, but when pathogens are exposed to the vapors of the oils.

This means that the most effective way of utilizing essential oils for reducing atmospheric contagion, neutralizing air-borne illnesses and enhancing immunity is through the use of aromatic diffusers. It has also been found that it is not necessary to have a high concentration of oil in the atmosphere for it to be effective; only a minimum amount of oil dispersed from a diffuser is necessary for optimum biological and immunological effects." - (Crowe, D.,, 20 May 2014).

So if inhalation is a safer, more effective use of the oils, what are you eating them for? Until instructed by a clinical aromatherapist to ingest, which would still most likely be via dilution, it's wise to forgo the unnecessary risks and use essential oils safely, especially if it is every bit as effective.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.


Marsha Musselman on September 02, 2018:

Excellent hub, thanks. My sister's daughter sells the Dolterra brand and I've used it for mostly topical applications.

It makes sense that it's toxic in larger doses or for smaller children although I never thought of that before.

I use a migraine formula for arthritis in my thumb joints and it works wonders but I rarely injest any.

I will be sure to let my sister know about this although she may have read the cautions previously.

Maurice Glaude from Mobile on November 22, 2017:

I came here because I was looking for more on tea tree oil. I wanted to know if it could make dry skin worse or to have flaky skin on the face.

Andrea on March 15, 2017:

lol, oops, sorry. I meant Lee Tea

Andrea McCullough on March 15, 2017:

Hey Tee Lea,

I love you article. It is very hard to track down information backed with any actual data. I have a BS in Botany and an AS in animal medicine but still most of my education is in conventional medicine and genetics research, not plant compounding. I learned of oils through doTerra and YL. I new the info I was being given was skewed but felt it had some good basis. I have been ingesting oils for a few years on rare occasions. I ate a small mixture for pain after having my thyroid removed (oregano,white fir and frank) since I can not eat any narcotic medicine. I took these homemade capsules for three days then stopped. While I felt no pain and they seemed to work, I new that the oils in the capsules were considered "hot" oils as I had been taught. Hot oils are not rec. to be used on skin plain, are known to cause irritation and usually photosensitive. While I made the decision to eat this desperate for pain relief, I was very nervous about the possible side affects. I worried about killing all the natural flora in my gut! It prompted me to develop a home microbiology study to see the affects of the oils on bacterial colonies on homegrown agar plates. I have not gotten to do this yet.

That being said, I cook with my oils, eat peppermint mentha and apply topically to my skin undiluted. I have never had any negative results in three years (even with that scary pain pill cocktail I took and won't do again). I know many smokers don't get cancer either so I understand 3 years of seemingly good use practices can be deceiving. This is why I am always researching and looking for new info. I want scientific data which is difficult to track down. Do you have any sources you can recommend? I have not yet dug into your hub and intend to do so to see whats there.

Here is one last question. I love to make cream cheese peppermints. I use 8 oz cream cheese, 2 lbs sugar and 10 drops peppermint eo to make about 90 mints. I take these to parties, serve my family and give them away. Everyone loves them! I have never questioned giving people Peppermint Eo to eat as the amount is very small and I use peppermint in my mouth, on my neck and inhaling for headaches and nausea with great results, never feeling sick or worse. Am I endangering anyone in your opinion with my homemade EO mints?

Thanks, Long post I know. This is the first place I wanted anyones opinions after reading their EO article.


Skeptic on February 18, 2017:

I like your article with all the info. I actual started using EO on the recommendation of my doctor who is an MD. She even has said to take certain oils internal. However she did caution to watch the amount you take. 1 or 2 drop and only certain kinds. As one person on here said its about moderation. Drinking a whole bottle is just plain stupid. Also People OD all the time on over the counter drugs thinking if I take 20 instead of 2 the pain will go away faster. Also not all EO companies/brands are the same. One company (YL) has now developed a line of that is safe to take internal and really hammers on its people to be safe and responsible. It also has received OTC status for some of its products from the FDA. I am not a full naturalist as I due believe Western medical doctors are still the best, but our drug companies and FDA really don't care about anything but profits. (I have a good friend who was a rep and can vouch for that.)

Just be cautious on what you do to your body and be your own advocate no matter what the healing method you use.

We need change on February 09, 2017:

This is a great article. I own many Young Living oils and I just attended a doterra info session where ingesting the oils was encouraged and samples were given. I have in the past put a drop of peppermint oil on my tongue, as recommended by an independent rep. I hated the taste so I only did it twice. Then I found an essential oil book I had and it said the oils in fact should never be ingested so I decided to proceed on the side of caution from then on. Until I attended the doterra session. There I was told they are the only company who carry Therapeutic Grade Certified products which are totally safe to ingest and also improve many ailments but some how don't react with any pharmaceutical medication, even when taken internally. Even with my limited education I find this hard to believe but I went along with it for the demonstration. At the session I drank one full glass of water with a drop of wild orange oil and I ingested a tiny capsule which contained the On Guard blend. By the end of the meeting I had a very uncomfortable pain in the very center of my abdomen. It was a very strange pain. Persistent and tight. Not bowel related and nothing like nausea. I waited about an hour and decided to try something to eat when the pain wouldn't stop. About 15 min after eating it started to ease up, but wasn't completely gone until morning. When I got home from doterra I decided to read my young living bottles. The actual label on lemon, basil, and orange, which are three oils people say you can supposedly cook with, it said uses: topical and aromatic. Nothing about ingesting. I think independent reps really need to do more personal research on the products they sell. I haven't yet gone to the doterra site to see if they actually recommend eating the oils but that's my next step in the learning journey. Thanks for your article. Perhaps you can do one on pregnancy and using oils because another thing they were saying at doterra was that these are all safe for pregnancy and no need to worry. I'm not so sure I'd risk it without doing my own digging.

for the record 'interested in knowledge ' on December 14, 2016:

Teatree can be toxic even externally... and even YL do not promote its internal consumption. A basic aromatherapy guide will also advise. Potent yes in its proper use..

Maria Hickling on December 14, 2016:

I think a point often lost as well that side effects can occur through inhalation of some oils.. irritation etc. Epilepsy... too much lavender can cause feelings of depression.. wintergreen isn't for direct or diffused inhalation. Antibacterial oils wiping good bacteria. Education is the key. I applaud the balanced research and informative write up. A little in EO is alot.. and too much of anything or taken incorrectly is not a good thing!

Maria Hickling on December 14, 2016:

Interesting reads, it is with most things the nature of humanity. . Wanting a magical pill to fix without change to cause of issue. I am a young living buyer, for a few reasons.. quality, species and environmental. However I am also a qualified naturopath and massage therapist long before i heard of YL. Natural therapists are refused ailment associated comments as well. However it also is upsetting across the board the amount of inconclusive statements made from magazines to self help books. The master herbalists who sell the curing herb with no mention of contraindications. The homeopathic blends that ignore hahnemann's core principles. Odourless garlic for colds... echinacea purpurea not angustifolia... mega dosing ascorbic acid.. vegetable oil... epilepsy and oils.

connie rrector on August 25, 2016:

your ex-boyfriends comment!!! made me chuckle

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on August 14, 2016:

"Yet the author claims many and even hundreds have died."

Where? I provide documentation on fatalities that have occurred. The point here is that fatalities HAVE occurred from the use of essential oils, and a consumer deserves to know that before you take their money while telling them to rub it on their babies and feed it to their children. Quantifying it as a matter of opinion serves no additional use other than to sensationalize a solid report, so I don't.

"...the subjects in the case studies all ingested enormous amounts of oil (i.e. 10mL...)"

I know "enormous" is in the eye of the beholder, but that's 2 teaspoons of liquid. If you think that's enormous, I have some ex-boyfriends you could visit and seriously brighten their day. Just plantin' seeds...

"...and the only thing that happened is he got a little dizzy."

I assume you're referring to this reference from my report: "Tea Tree Oil ingestion at less than 10mL of a prepared solution caused mental confusion and ataxia in a 23-month old boy." Your referring to Tea Tree as "melaleuca" tells me you're a sales rep, likely for doTerra. Regardless, mental confusion is different than "a little dizzy", it's a cause for immediate concern ESPECIALLY in a toddler, and ataxia is a loss of muscle control likely due to impairment or damage of the brain, nerves or muscles. Reps writing off emergency situations like these as no big deal, particularly regarding other people's children, are what keep my articles in demand.

Casting unsubstantiated doubt of my work that doesn't check out only discredits you as a source of any information worth considering. That's why I cite my sources - so readers can review my references, in context, and draw their own conclusions of the info presented here. Not about me and my work - what anyone thinks of that is usually irrelevant, until some righteous idiot comes along and wastes my time making me address it even when then sources are cited for all to review for themselves.

People like you show up here, skim my work, and blurt out whatever you can think of to persuade readers not to trust me. You could be using your time more wisely to make your next sale thougb, as I already tell my audience not to trust me - or anyone - in this debate. Feel free to read the past 50 comments here that already address academic level research requiring 3 independent sources to verify fact (of which it's my honor to be one of those sources everyday consumers rely upon to be a worthwhile, informative and insightful reference), thoroughly explain the motives and effects of weak comments from doubt casters like yourself, and the conclusion paragraph to this article that simply states, "It is time to stop arguing whether it is completely safe to eat essential oils straight from the bottle. It's not. After reading this article, you may choose to continue using essential oils internally. You may argue that not enough people are injured by eating essential oils each year to really pay attention to the facts presented here. But you may no longer argue that the practice is completely safe without the risk of side effects. "

That's right - all that research is designed to verify that simple, solitary thought at the end. You may no longer tell people EO ingestion is completely safe without the risk of side effects, and be telling the truth. Adjust your sales pitch accordingly.

You really think I ought to do your fact checking FOR you, too? Citing my sources wasn't enough, you need screenshots of the actual text as well? Infantile. All right buddy you got it - but it's not going to be pretty.

Give me a few days - some hack job has entangled my network in a botnet running on 5 months now and my work has been reduced to punching out messages one letter at a time on a Kindle Fire. Thanks for the uncalled for hassle though - you're awesome.

Interested In Knowledge on August 01, 2016:

Everyone should look up the supposed "documentation" of essential oils causing death provided in the article. Not one actually supports that claim. Yet the author claims many and even hundreds have died. So strange that people don't actually read the research done by actual scientists. Essential oils are from food. If you dilute pure oil and then only use it safely, there should be no problem. In the "documentation" provided above, the subjects in the case studies all ingested enormous amounts of oil (i.e. 10mL of melaleuca by a 2-year-old) and the only thing that happen is he got a little dizzy.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on June 22, 2016:

Hello everybody! Thank you for writing. Let me respond to the past couple here -

- SF Cline: I'm sad to hear of your emergency. Honey may have helped the cinnamon bark oil to disperse more evenly, whereas there's no emulsifier in a smoothie that would do the same, unless the drink was made with milk. Consuming EOs, whether for flavor or medicinally, requires a precise formulation to assure you're not swallowing an oil in a concentration that could harm you. Typically the EO is dispersed in an emulsifying agent, like a fatty oil. When used as a remedy (not as part of a recipe) it's also often contained in an enteric capsule to prevent the release of contents until it reaches the stomach.

Add to that recent industry reports of purity issues regarding cinnamon bark oil, and the variety of constituents and potency from one supplier's batch to the next, and you'll realize (well, general "you" - your personal experience has already taught YOU you I'm sure) that ingestible EO formulation is best left to experienced and educated professionals who can advise the best practices for your specific situation, are guided by related industry safety protocols and accepted practices, and, maybe most reassuringly, held to their company's liability insurance policy should one of their products-for-sale cause injury to a customer following their instruction.

You're right about the article offering more caution than is usually offered in a sales situation. It is strongly focused on what is left OUT of a sales pitch, which is why people perceive it as biased, but I figured you've all heard about the benefits of EO use, so, here's the rest of that story... information that was intentionally withheld from you by businesses with a profit motive attached to your actual well-being. Now you have ALL the information you need to decide what's best for you and yours.

They'll tell you to trust them. I tell you to trust no one. Cross reference, three times minimum, unaffiliated sources. Some social network groups may help you find your way towards credible research, but they're slowly and slyly becoming aligned with biz interests, too.

I'll put this out there because I don't think I've mentioned it yet - one reference I like to check is Lorann oils, who supplies essential oils for both flavoring and aromatherapy. Their information is aligned with ethical EO sales practices that don't needlessly jeopardize consumer well-being, they've been doing it a long time, they're an established reputable business and walk a fine line with good intent.

But for the most part it's buyer be aware like always. And don't eat essential oils, they're not really for that.

You're very welcome for the research AND the links - the ability to see for yourself where the research comes from is just as important as the info itself in finding credible, reliable information you can bank your health on. Thanks for recognizing that - that made my morning.

SF Cline on June 02, 2016:

I ended up in the ER having an anaphylaxis episode after using two small drops, very small, of cinnamon bark oil in an 8oz smoothie. There was plenty of dilution but it continued burned my throat, stomach and intestines for days.

I had used it several time before w/o issue but in the Apple cider vinegar, honey and lemon juice drink. So I'm unclear as to why it happened in a smoothie but it did and won't be ingesting any others.

Now I seem to have a problem with any cinnamon which is very disappointing.

So, it does happen and thinking it could happen to a child scares me to pieces.

I didn't feel your article sounded biased but felt it was offering information, food for thought, worth considering and using more caution than is usually given in these situations.

Thank you for posting your research and links.

Diane on May 17, 2016:

This is an excerpt of an interview with Dr. Robert Tisserand in Dec. 2014 on a Texas radio station with Labron Allen. He doesn't seem opposed to responsible ingestion.

" And by the way, I have never said you should not ingest essential oils. You may think you heard me say that today. I have not said people should not ingest essential oils; I don’t believe it’s an absolute no-no. What I do believe is that you need to know what you’re doing. You need to know why you’re doing it; what dose you are taking; how long you are going to be taking it for; what the reason is. I don’t think essential oils are substances that we should use just pro-actively, because if you do get a viral infection, if you do get a serious illness and then you want to use aromatherapy and you have been dosing yourself with large amounts of essential oils for years, well now what are you going to do? Because your body’s already now habituated to these oils you have been taking. If you’re talking about very small amounts as you would use in food flavors – if we’re talking about one or two drops a day – that’s fine, that is OK, but if you’re taking a therapeutic dose of essential oils, if you’re taking 10 drops, 20 drops a day just because somebody told you it was a good idea, it’s not a good idea.

LA: So your recommendation would be for individuals to treat an essential oil as far as ingestion more like a pharmaceutical, with the same respect as?

RT: Yes. The way I’m looking at is if you’re sick, you take medicine and then you get well. That is the scenario that I’m picturing, so if you’ve strained a muscle then you apply a liniment, you apply a salve to that muscle, to that skin over that muscle and they often contain menthol and camphor and other essential oil constituents that goes through the skin to the muscle and it does what it does, but once the muscle ache is gone you don’t need to keep applying it, and it’s similar to the way antibiotics are taken. You take antibiotics so long as you need to, you take the course of antibiotics and then you stop. I’m not suggesting that we should be taking antibiotics at all, but it’s the same situation with essential oils. If you have an infection, if you have a respiratory infection, then yes you can inhale essential oils, you can apply them to your chest, whatever, while you’re sick and then you stop. That’s the picture that I am trying to paint."

Connie on January 26, 2016:

I am a believer in E.O's and I am not a professional. I am also a little nervous of internal use. I have researshed byself sick with the arguments between MLM companies. I do know that the best trickle down payment without overhead is MLM so I don't know why that shuts people down. As well as being educated, I think that is up to the individual. A good company will have all the information you should need. All products, like soaps, bleaches, knives and sissors, should be kept out of reach of Children and some seniors and for the person that thinks their exotic dresser top purfume is safe,or the candle wax, think again. If you want to use a product, read the label, and do the research. I find the Doterra site has the best updated info and their University of info can break it all down much better than that bottle of pain killers in your medicine cabinet. Please stop the arguement. That is the confusser. People are so worried about loosing their own business. If you believe in yourself you don't have to bash. I also don't see the Doterra people bashing anyone. I use to buy bread at the bakery until I learn't to make it myself. Please aromatherapists you are not threatened by oil companies it is a sign of the times.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on January 24, 2016:

Your local library.

MJ Degno on November 22, 2015:

Any suggestions on getting schooled in the Herbalism area? That is actually what started all this for me.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on November 20, 2015:

MJ I wrote my first article on EO sales and safety almost 2 years ago, and that alone took me 2 years to research, edit, and publish. It was supposed to be all the info I had learned at the crossroads of herbalism and marketing that applies to this matter - I did dive into a couple other areas to address specific questions from readers afterwards - but basically the matter didn't go away so I'm still here saying the same old thing.

But along the way, people offered their insight on the matter and so the information that's accumulated in the comments sections of these articles alone is likely more than any one person would ever think to come across in their lifetime. Then opening up the facebook page allowed even MORE people to weigh in on the information being provided, and we've gained the insight and experience of almost 2500 lifetimes...

We live better together :)

I don't ingest either (surprise! no? not surprised? ok then, moving on...) Since I learned natural remedies beginning at the whole plant level I was always taught they just weren't for that - teas, tinctures, oil infusions, vinegars, and foods that fit the bill were, and to me EOs have always held a separate, particular place in the overall realm of nature's helpers. But since then I have also learned why, like citrus oils are potent solvents and mints can slow breathing and body functions. And as my audience grew, the professionals in our community made sure I was aware that exceptions to the basic rule of "do not ingest" may come into play. Proper preparation of the oil to reduce risks, an inventory of a persons individual circumstances, and monitoring their safety are all a part of that.

Inevitably years of research on a specific topic will present some facts you didn't set out to find in the first place, like how limonene is a supplement and the ways that it as a solvent is properly prepared to reduce irritation, expanding our understand, or that peppermint is also offered as a prepared product.

But overall the safe use rule of simply "do not ingest" has always seemed a wise place to begin your understanding of ways to use EOs while protecting your well-being, which is probably the reason you set out to learn EOs in the first place. I of course suggest you study the whole plant first and go from there but by addressing the profit product of aggressive marketing companies I inadvertently meet people who've been thrown into the deep end of herbalism already drowning in oils who had never even considered that EOs are just a very small part just one tool, in the whole world of what nature provides us to take care of ourselves - and just one discipline to learn from the school of human history and what we as a species have learned along the way. Guess it is what it is.

So yeah, lots of info. More than you'd ever care to learn.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on November 20, 2015:

Danielle - thank you for taking the time to write. Your reply immediately brings to mind a couple tips I want to offer you. First of all, there's no need to feel foolish. MLM recruitment isn't simply a matter of being naive. Most people understand well enough that marketing is the business of making a product as appealing as possible for profit, but did you ever think about far ahead a marketing company - an entire business built on the principles of marketing itself - already is in that game by the time they say their first word to a new recruit, their main line of profit? Most people don't stand a chance! I studied communications for 4 years before they found me and I still "got excited" about "livin' the dream". Everything an aggressive MLM teaches a rep to sell a product they use on a recruit to sell the job itself - and they don't teach you all the tricks right away. When you have some time, I have a couple more articles that address sales tactics: a basic one on constructing a direct sales pitch at and a relevant one on EO MLM misinformation and sales tactics at

I also have one on the risks of ingesting lemon oil at If you're concerned about side effects talk with your doctor about it.

Aside from that I will mention that members of our online community at have brought up their concerns from past ingestion a few times and the aromatherapists have suggested that if you are not experiencing side effects then you're probably fine. So don't worry yourself over it, but do discuss it with your doctor and get your clean bill of health so it's off your mind for good.

One final tip for you - our community of nearly 2500 has spent the past year constructing a list of ethical, reputable suppliers for you to shop from. There are only 2 requirements to make the list, and if one is violated I update it to stay true to its aim of offering essential oil consumers a selection of suppliers that 1.) sell what they say they're selling and 2.) don't promote ingestion in their sales and marketing material. This has allowed us to form a list that ranges from small shopkeepers who know they're not for ingestion all the way through aromatherapists that may recommend a properly prepared oil for a specific situation under the guidance of qualified health practitioners. And since we have input on the companies from nearly 2500 responsible users of essential oils, responsible practitioners, certified aromatherapists, marketing experts, accredited institutions and reputable publications worldwide, it truly is a unique list like no other. If nothing else it can point you in the right direction for finding a supplier who respects your right to well-being.

That list is here: Think we're up to around 40 now. And if you click on "view results" at the bottom of the poll you can see who the crowd favorites are! For kicks, though all on the list meet the requirements of being a reputable and ethical supplier.

So, that's a lot of information! I wish you well on your path to (of? yeah, of) well-being. I always said if I could get even just one person to realize there's another side to this coin, then I've accomplished what I set out to do. Be well.

MJ Degno on November 20, 2015:

You know, there is some good info a general rule for myself, I don't personally ingest oils.

MJ Degno on November 19, 2015:


Lee, can I respond to some folks here?

Danielle on November 16, 2015:

Wow, i am very thrilled to have found your article! You are certainly right when you say unbiased articles are buried within the loads of marketing propaganda (well something along that line anyway) I recently joined a MLM EO business after careful consideration because i really wanted that pure, unfiltered quality of EO. I thought this well reputable company was it, as i have no other way than the testimonies of thousands of others to test whether it is really pure or not. I was in part skeptical however due to their high prices and knowing someone is going to be making money off my purchase. Still, i joined anyway. I feel like a fool, lol...i too have ingested several oils over the past month or so, upon recommendations from my upline and other oil users. Frank, copaiba, lots of oregano, theives blend, lemon, and a few more. Now i am sooooo paranoid that i may have done more damage. I truly believed that because it was GRAF certified, along with so many ppl saying they ingest daily, that it was safe. So in conclusion, thank you so much for this article, i will no longer ingest eo, and ask you if you know of a company whose quality is just as "pure" but without all the MLM because thats what i want. Not to be part of a company that it so deceiving ....

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on November 02, 2015:

As stated in the conclusion of this article:

"This article demonstrates that side-effects, injuries, and deaths resulting from the internal use of essential oils have in fact occurred, have been documented, and have been reported. Not everyone who eats a drop of essential oil is going to get sick or die, but people are poisoned by the hundreds from their improper use every year, dozens moderately to severely. Though buried by mounds of sales propaganda and aromatherapy gossip online, factual information on essential oil poisonings is available both online and in print.

Unlike essential oils, the conclusion of this article is simple and easy to digest. Essential oil ingestion carries with it the potential for side-effects, sometimes moderate to severe, including seizures and poisoning. It can, as it has in the past, be fatal. This point can no longer be debated - it is FACT.

It is time to stop arguing whether it is completely safe to eat essential oils straight from the bottle. It's not. After reading this article, you may choose to continue using essential oils internally. You may argue that not enough people are injured by eating essential oils each year to really pay attention to the facts presented here...

...But you may no longer argue that the practice is completely safe without the risk of side effects."

Stop confusing the issue. This isn't an article about ibuprofen. The 4-5 mL of liquid you cite is equal to ONE TEASPOON. I'll do you one better and call out the greatest amount of liquid I cite in the article at half a cup, which is still not an unheard of amount of liquid to drink. And no where in this article does it judge (or "rip on") people for using EOs however they choose. In fact, I hold the companies responsible for the propagation of misleading information at the forgiveness of the misinformed and well-intentioned sales rep. Nothing personal, just business.

You accusing me of faults I'm not guilty of only serves to cast doubt into the credibility of my articles. They are not valid complaints, and I urge anyone who wants to know if my information is accurate, complete and reliable to review the sources linked throughout the article for yourself. They are there for your own personal review so that you may make the best, most informed decisions regarding your own health choices.

My facts are accurate, my article is sound. Seems as though it didn't fit your confirmation bias, which is fine. I write articles for accuracy, not popularity.

My focus as an investigative journalist is not on educating people on how to use essential oils - I am not telling any one person what to do, because what you choose is best for you is up to you.

My focus is on essential oil consumer advocacy - so that you have ALL the information you need to choose what actually IS best for you. When a sales rep tells them EOs are natural and gentle and perfectly safe without the risk of side effects, now the consumer has the reliable facts they need to know they're being lied to. I stand for people over profits, everytime.

See the difference?

Baffled in Idaho on November 02, 2015:

So am I to understand that because two Advil are safe to consume without side effects that it's okay to take a whole bottle of Advil?

There were several arguments in your article that were lousy at best, but this one was over the top.

Adverse reactions were seen in adults consuming 4-5 mL of essential oil. You don't say?! Internal dosage of essential oil is a few drops, not mLs.

Who gives their child 10-15mLs of essential oils? In one dosage?

Instead of spending time and ink on ripping people who use essential oils in ways other than you're familiar with, learn about it and educate them.

Ronnse on October 29, 2015:

Fantastical content. Just what I was exploring for!

Best regards,


Check out our new release with type in google lepsoft SEO

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on September 11, 2014:

Hi Jamie!

I am not a massage therapist or a reflexologist, so I don't know the benefits or safety of rubbing oils on the feet. I know it's becoming a popular practice, and diluted is certainly safer than neat, but from the herbalist perspective I've always reaped the benefits of essential oils from their vapors alone - and the feet are too far away from my nose for my liking!

As I posted in the comment above yours, I personally don't use EOs topically on my children. Diffusion is safer and I do that through diffusers and homemade sprays. You can make sanitizer sprays with alcohol (food grade alcohols like vodka or grain, not isopropyl for safety reasons), tea tree oil and your choice of other oils generally regarded as safe for use around children (so long as they are not sensitive/allergic), perhaps this could be one way you can help combat germs at home. I use mine on bathroom fixtures and doorknobs (and yoga mats, too).

I also have two children 2 years apart. School starts and so do the sniffles and when they were younger, one would come home sick and inevitably the other one would follow. Homeopathic cough syrup and mint oils in the diffuser helped them get through, and to be honest they bounce back FAST from colds now.

I understand your concerns about baby, but germs are going to happen. When the sniffles start, don't panic - use the EOs to help the little ones through, and remember the benefits of a strong immune system!

As for the safety of diluted oils on children, consult their pediatrician or a certified aromatherapist. If you're wondering about safe dilution ratios in general, a good place to start is:

Thanks for writing - good luck through this cold and back-to-school season! Be well.

Jamie on September 09, 2014:

Hi Lee, great article! I recently found young living oils and mainly wanted something to help boost immunity got my 5 1/2 year old since she just started kindergarten. I've been putting 1 drop of thieves oil mixed with a teaspoon of coconut oil on the bottom of her feet. Do you think that is safe? I also diffuse sometimes. I have an almost one year old as well, can I use thieves on her feet? I'm just so worried about my daughter bringing home all these school germs to the baby, I was trying to find ways to help them from catching everything! Thank you!!

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on September 06, 2014:

Proper dilution ratios of each oil are important to their safe use topically. One article to get you started on proper dilution can be found at Dilute EOs in a carrier oil (such as grapeseed oil or jojoba) so they disperse evenly.

Personally I don't use oils topically on my children, (with the exception of a little dab of mommy's scented perfume oils when we want to feel fancy). If they have a stuffy nose I add eucalyptus and mints to a tealight diffuser. Diffusers are also a great way to seasonally scent a room with EOs, like a scented candle with the added benefits of aromatherapy. I also add them to sprays with an alcohol or witch hazel base to spray pillows and around the room. That might be a way to introduce the use of oils to your husband without needing to risk safety. Once he sees they have benefits (and starts to notice blends he likes) you can discuss other means of application.

Another approach may be to experiment from the perfumery perspective - sprays and solid perfumes are often made with essential (and fragrance) oils and are pretty familiar to most people - making your own at home gives you creative control and can save you money...and what husband doesn't like saving money?

Seek out articles on safe uses of EOs and maybe some books on natural perfumery. Explain that proper dilution is necessary and find credible info to present to him, but when used responsibly EOs can offer a world of natural benefits to the pleasures and well being of your home. Thanks for writing melissa - best of luck!

melissa on September 01, 2014:

Great article i am a doterra user but do not ingest the oils. My husband is. Totally against the user of oils in any form. I would really like to use them diluted topically on my kiddos can you suggest some articles that might help my husband with h his fears

Kayla Fioravanti from Franklin, Tennessee on August 13, 2014:

Lee Tea,

Thank you for this great information! I added a link to your article from my article "Warnings dōTERRA & Young Living Won’t Tell You" on my blog.

Em on July 22, 2014:

Hi, I'm new to using essential oils & recently started using DoTerra oils. I became very skeptical of ingesting oils after a bad experience I had with wild orange oil. I was putting 2 drops in my water bottle daily & suddenly began having nerve pain in my right jaw & temple area. It felt like electric waves of pain on & off all day for 3 days or so. The only change I had made in those couple days was ingesting the wild orange oil in my water. I stopped using the orange oil & my nerve pain (never had that problem before the oils) completely went away. So I started doing research & will never ingest oils again, as I'm afraid that was the cause of the sudden nerve issues...thank you for this article!

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on July 04, 2014:

Thank you Nathan - all reputable resources and a great place to start research on any, or all, essential oils. Tisserand's a 40-year veteran on the science of aromatherapy, and he has a website ready and waiting for anyone who cares to find out more.

As for the's ok, I'm a sales and marketing veteran. Tough skin ;) If the info holds up to the comments, it's solid. If not, it must be examined for what it is. More than what I know or what they believe or what any one person here thinks, the whole truth, complete as it has ever been, as verified by science and research, must be the goal. Otherwise there's no point here. This isn't a popularity contest, where the most popular idea is the most I'm alright with not being very popular, so long as my facts are straight - and nobody's arguing that.

Thanks again - that was nice.

Nathan Hardman from Idaho, USA on July 04, 2014:

Lee, i've tried to decide if I should say anything more but I appreciate your article and I hate to see you be told you're biased. if I can suggest some resources for people to check into (not my own). your readers my want to read some of what Robert Tisserand has to say on safety with EO's. Essential Oil Safety can be purchased on Amazon. A bit pricy but it's a reference book. He is considered the most knowledgable person on the planet regarding EO's. Tisserand Institute, also Aromahead Institute. Andrea Butje is also very knowledgable. The International Journal of Clinical Aromatherapy is another source. All professional resources will back up the idea that we should not eat essential oils. I hope this is OK. I wish people would stop being so bent on being right and spend a few dollars on getting their hands on scientific evidence. Anyway thank you Lee for trying to help people. I hope that some day the snobry that exists in the essential oil world will settle down and people will choose to be safe instead of just repeating what they are told.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on July 03, 2014:

How about we don't talk about dying children?

This is a common rebuttal taught to newcomers of essential oils as usually introduced through an MLM essential oil company. It's so common it's already been addressed in the article, " It should raise at least one of your eyebrows to know I knew what you were going to say before you even said it. That means it was predictable. That means it was predetermined. I know. I used to teach people the same logic as a marketing training leader for an intense MLM. I felt bad when they'd believe me and be excited about it - I really did. Eventually I quit.

"Q: Are there any side effects to ingesting peppermint essential oils straight from the bottle?

A: When we stop feeding our kids pharmaceuticals and drugging them for ADHD then I'll start worrying about eating peppermint oil. Until then I trust what God has given us.

Analysis of the answer: A triple-layered confusing response that also does not answer the question asked. Let's break this down into its separate parts. First, it would make more sense to simply learn about the safety of ingesting peppermint oil before eating peppermint oil, let alone instruct others to do the same. Next, drugging [or in your example, dying] children has nothing to do with the question at hand. That's fear mongering - associating a completely unrelated and disproportionately devastating idea to disrupt logical, rational thinking. Finally, nature also provides nightshade, oleander, daffodil bulbs and jasmine berries, and if you're ready to eat a big salad of all that, you should at least take a basic botany class."

The bottom line here is: it would make more sense to simply learn about the safety of ingesting essential oils before eating essential oils. I actually saw a meme of a lady laughing at people who want to research lavender oil before ingesting it, as they don't do the same for their energy drinks and cheeseburgers. The logic here is designed to make you be proud to be ignorant. Don't be fooled - learn the science of the oils. They're solvents. Every material safety data sheet tells you seek immediate help if swallowed.

There are plenty of natural remedies to choose from other than the essential oils - sometimes herbal teas, vitamins or supplements could be the best solution to the remedy you're looking for. Learn the ailment, learn the natural remedies, stay open to the science of the matter, and make your own informed decisions. But above all - keep on learning from credible sources. There's a wealth of information out there! I like to start with encyclopedias myself...

Goathp1 on July 03, 2014:

This article seems to be very bias . . . though we all all to some extent! I believe moderation and safety is important is all that we eat, breath and put on our bodies, but how about we talk about how many children die from over the counter "safe" medication. . . how many people get deadly infections after going in the hospital for something "simple" . . . how many children have been permanently disabled after SAFE vaccines! People need to be responsible for the choices that they make . . . research to the best of your ability! NOTHING out there is without risk . . . I personally believe essential oils come with MUCH fewer risks to me and my family than most OTC, man made, chemical-laden, but each must chose for themselves!

Ana Maria Orantes from Miami Florida on July 02, 2014:

I like your article on essential oils. Thank you for letting the readers know about the dangers of this oils if people drink them. Some oils are good for the skin's problems. It makes sense because if the oils fix the skin's fungus and kill them. It can kill a person too. Thank you for making us aware of the dangers of essential oils miss leetea.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on July 01, 2014:

Hello Emily,

As a highly diluted blend used externally for cosmetic purposes, I believe that's fine. I myself make my own deodorant sprays based on herbal recipes I've collected over the years. But what I believe doesn't do much to ease anyone's anxiety or assure safety over such an issue, so I asked some reputable aromatherapy practitioners to help me with this answer for you.

Mr. Dannie Lane from AromaTherapeutics Medicinal Aromatherapy and Massage notes that different oils require different dilutions for safe cosmetic use. He writes:

"[F]or things like lip balm the % of each EO depends on which EOs they are using. With some you can use up to 2% with others much less (0.2% or so) so you would need to know what EOs they are going to be using."

So begin by researching your specific oils for safe dilution ratios. He further noted that dilution for use in lip balm may need to be much greater than dilution for use in deodorant. A general chart for converting dilution ratios to number of drops can be found here:

Additionally, Marge Clark from Nature's Gift Aromatherapy, an established company well-known for high quality products and ethical practices, had this helpful advice:

"For a lip balm you are normally adding the EO's for flavoring... less than 1% ... perhaps 1/2 of 1% is plenty. (and this is assuming 'benign" oils... non photosensitizing citrus, mild spices, vanilla CO2, etc."

So another point is to make sure your essential oils are safe for their intended purpose.

I hope finding out safe dilution ratios for your specific oils and researching your recipe's source for credibility will help you become more confident in your blending and production. It's clear you want to learn more about your ingredients in order to make a safe, effective product. Thank you for your responsible approach to essential oil use.

Best of luck in your endeavors.

Emily on July 01, 2014:

.Hello and thank you for sharing this information. I just recently got into making some homemade skincare products, like deodorant and lip balm. I find these recipes all over the Internet and they usually recommend the use of some EOs. Now I'm wondering if it's safe to use EO in lip balm? I've been using it for about 2 months and feel fine but want to be sure I'm not hurting myself or my family. It is of course highly diluted but still I'm a little nervous now.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on June 30, 2014:

Another point to address here Hannah - recipes posted by YL and doTerra I've seen online within the last week (namely for weight loss) instruct the user to consume 10-15 drops of undiluted e.o. twice a day, from a blend you're to make yourself out of 5 or 6 different bottles of their oils. 1 drop of e.o. is typically equal to 1/20 mL, though it's hard to regulate because droppers differ. So 10-15 drops is 1/2 to 3/4 mL, twice a day is 1 to 1.5 mL of e.o. - not the big difference they may make it out to be. Try this - see if your friendly doTerra rep can tell you how many milliliters is in 1 drop of e.o., before she sells you on 5 overpriced bottles of oil at one time. Also gauge how quickly the recommended dose goes from 1 drop to 10 drops once they get you to start ingesting them. Remember - the biggest benefit of the plant's aromatic oils is to be found in its vapors. When you eat them, you negate all the benefits they could offer you, which you could enjoy safely by simply smelling just a few drops. Of course, that doesn't sell nearly as much oil.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on June 30, 2014:

Yes. As the potent, concentrated extract from literally POUNDS of plant material, essential oils are not a food. They are solvent in nature and can rip the finish off your wood flooring, dissolve adhesives and eat right through a plastic cup - even just one drop. It's not something you want to put in your body or through the sensitive organs of your digestive tract. If you want the medicinal benefits of nature's plants, make an herbal tea. Not only will you get a suitable dose of active ingredient, but you'll ingest all the synergists and buffers the plant possesses that help the body process its active ingredients gently, completely, and properly. Be well.

Hannah on June 30, 2014:

This article kind of confused me, it seems one sided. I have not yet got into ingesting EOs, but I recently went to a doTerra party. They encourage ingestion of oils as you probably know. BUT the accounts you've pointed out were all large amounts of undiluted oils.... most things I read about ingesting oils suggest just a few drops diluted in something like olive oil or milk. Are you also against this? There's a big difference been 1-3 drops and even just 2.5 mL.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on June 13, 2014:

An obvious glitch in logic. Before, the question was, "are essential oils safe to eat?", we'd say "no", and that'd be that.

I ran into this last week from a Young Living fan, maybe rep, telling aromatherapists how it is:

"...aromatherapists should know that an oil used for aromatherapy is not made up of the same chemical compounds as ad oil that is therapeutic. NEVER take oils internally that are only created for therapeutic use. The reason young living can be ingested is because they have more therapeutic compounds that have been distiller from the plants."


It seems these companies have advanced their rebuttals beyond "is it safe to ingest essential oils" into a realm of explanation that is both confusing and false. Your typical home party attendee isn't going to be able to decipher false claims from real science, as long as it sounds scientific. And when logic is disrupted, you're more susceptible to buy - a marketing technique MLM's have mastered.

Here's another:

"Yes essential can be taken internal but you have to know the frequency and oxygen up-take; I am a peer reviewer for well over 45 years and this company can not even began to compare to the company I use Young Living!"

No, you don't. As the pure extracted oil from literally POUNDS of plant material, pure essential oils are too potent to eat straight from the bottle, period, no matter how you spin the info.

While this debate rages out of control online and at some house parties, take solace in the fact that your real business can reach out to real people who can trust your information, and for that they will return, and your real business will grow.

I have a feeling these sales reps are going to talk themselves out of so much credibility that soon enough they'll only have themselves left to talk to.

Be well Nathan - thanks and good luck!

Nathan Hardman from Idaho, USA on June 12, 2014:

Thank you for all of your hard work putting this together. I am asked daily if the oils I sell are safe for consumption so I decided to seek out other professional opinions. It's funny that people don't seem to relate "high quality" with potent.

Lee Tea (author) from Erie, PA on June 10, 2014:

Everybody - thank you so much for taking the time to comment. I truly appreciate your feedback.

Lauren Lee - I'm glad your persistence paid off. To answer your question, essential oils are either unadulterated (100% pure), diluted, or combined with fragrance oils to prolong scent (in which case they are labeled as "fragrance oils"). Basically, if your oil is 100% pure and unadulterated, it's "therapeutic grade". The article at breaks down the myth MLM's have about different "grades" of oils. Simply put, either the essential oil is pure "therapeutic" grade, or it's adulterated and labeled as such.

Most soap, candle, perfume, and skincare producers use "fragrance oils", chemical-based synthetically created oils that have vastly longer scent duration than the very volatile essential oils. You can make these things with e.o.'s, but the scent doesn't last very long, both during use and in storage over time. It's common to use both fragrance and essential oils in a product. I make a line of all-natural aromatherapy products that only use essential oils. (Body sprays, pillows sprays, sanitizers, deodorants, and bug spray). Blending 2 or 3 (or more) oils helps to prolong the scent, but again it's nowhere near as strong or long lasting as, say, a store-bought perfume. Using alcohol (like vodka or grain) as a base also helps to prolong the scent, as does witch hazel which is also soothing to the skin.

So back to your question - if your friends are using essential oils in their products, then they're the same as the pure, unadulterated "therapeutic grade" oils you find elsewhere. Most likely though they're using "fragrance oils", which are usually more cost effective and definitely pack more bang for your buck. For aromatherapy purposes, though, you need the benefits only essential oils can offer.

Happy to meet you - and to meet you all. Be well.

Lee @ Lee's Teas

Lauren Lee from Portland, OR on June 10, 2014:

I am brand new to essential oils, and unfortunately came into it through being introduced to YL. I joined a private Facebook group (since I was in a very big downline) and began to learn how to use them. Even with no prior knowledge of EOs, I felt a bit uneasy about "eating" the oils "neat" as they put it. By that time I had learned enough to know they were medicinal in nature, and worried about 1) the total lack of education provided by the company and 2) people with zero training were "prescribing" what to take and how much to people on this group. Including for babies!

It was then I started doing my own research. Believe it or not, it is very difficult to find reliable information on the web. If you don't know anything, then you don't know when you hit on very professional and authoritative sites that are owned by EO MLM companies. There are more than quite a few. Then you have to sift through all the zillions of "distributors" websites. If you are lucky, and keep trying (like I did), you find Lee Teas Hub Page ( or you find AromaWeb. Thank goodness.

I am now learning how to actually use EOs properly. Which is by diffusing them or in some cases, topically, always with a proper carrier oil ratio. Not internally.

The one thing I would LOVE to see a Hub page on is this: I am still confused by the difference between using essential oils for products (like friends I have that make soaps, etc.) and using essential oils for therapeutic reasons. It's hard to know what the differences in the oils could be, or why you would or would not want to use them interchangeably.

Thanks Lee Teas for such great hubs!!

Dayaker from Hyderabad, India on June 02, 2014:

Nice page.good information

Jad31 on May 30, 2014:

Another great body of work! Thank you for this... you're helping a lot of people!

Marcy J. Miller from Arizona on May 27, 2014:

Fascinating material, Lee Tea. I use a variety of essential oils -- to scent my bath salts, witch hazel, and ironing spray. I cannot fathom drinking or ingesting them. They carry occasional risks even when used topically, such as photosensitivity caused by bergamot or grapefruit oils (which is good to know here in the desert).

Great hub and so well presented!

Best -- Mj

Thelma Alberts from Germany on May 27, 2014:

Wow! This is loads of informations. I use essential oils but only for mixing it with massage oil. Thanks for sharing this info with us,

Tracey on May 27, 2014:

Any reputable essential oil company will have a warning on their bottle, that says, "Not to be used internally". I use essential oils all the time, either in a diffuser, or externally in a carrier oil, such as grapeseed or olive oil (you should also never use straight essential oils on your skin). It's just all about educating yourself.

arosebyanyother from San Diego, California on May 26, 2014:

Good Information. Most people eat, drink , smoke, take pills and over consume all types of harmful substances that cause all kinds of side effects, seizures, death, and even as we heed the warnings of all these we still put it in our mouth, and point the finger at one thing.

Alan from West Georgia on May 26, 2014:

Nice article on essential oils. I think with more research, essential oils could play an important role in our daily lives.

pat on May 26, 2014:

Well written.

Borsia from Currently, Philippines on May 26, 2014:

Sadly people don't stop to think about things like the chemistry of things that are referred to as "natural" products. Nor do they use much common sense considering the real quantities involved compared to what they might ingest naturally. Of course they would never ingest many of these things to begin with.

One of the biggest problems with most products of this type is that they aren't subject to any regulations of FDA approval for human consumption.

People will continue to poison themselves and their children thinking they are doing something good without thinking it through.